OpenWrt 15.05.1 on Wi-Next Naawigo Mini N

Recently I’ve come around an old access point that I completely forgot about.
It’s a Wi-Next Naawigo Mini N that, years ago, I put in a closet bacause it had a locked firmware that made it useless.

Naawigo Mini N frontNaawigo Mini N rear

When I saw it again I tought it could be of some use if only I could manage to flash OpenWrt on it.
Well, I took it apart and discovered something very interesting:

Naawigo Mini N board frontNaawigo Mini N board front without MiniPCI cardNaawigo Mini N board rearNaawigo Mini N MiniPCI wireless card WLE200NX

A quick visit to Google Search and Google Images revealed that this board is a common Compex WPE72, already supported by OpenWrt!
I also learnt that its stock firmware is based on a customized OpenWrt distribution by Wi-Next.

Continua a leggere OpenWrt 15.05.1 on Wi-Next Naawigo Mini N

Wireless drivers for “Askey AR5BMB5” or “Atheros AR5005G” (AR2413A based)

Yesterday I had to fix an old Toshiba Equium laptop, that didn’t recognize its wireless NIC.

It was an Askey AR5BMB5 miniPCI card, based on AR2413A chipset.

You can download the correct driver here, under “Atheros” section:

Download mirror:

OS Driver version Download link
Windows XP (32bit)
Windows Vista (32/64bit)
Windows 7 (32/64bit)


Once installed, it shows up in device manager as “Atheros AR5005G Wireless Network Adapter”.
I had problems connecting to WPA2 protected networks, probably due to unsupported AES encryption.
Setting your router wireless security to “WPA/WPA2” and “TKIP+AES” should solve the issue.

Add multi-touch capabilities to old Synaptics Touchpads

If you own an old laptop with Synaptics touchpad, you can enable multi-touch features just by updating your device driver!
Just use one of the following setup files supplied by HP:

Windows XP: sp47816.exe
Windows Vista/7: sp47815.exe

It works also on notebooks of different manifacturers, like my Dell Inspiron 640m and HP Compaq nx6110.

Should work for every device with this identifier:
ACPI\SYN1E18=”Synaptics PS/2 Port Touchpad”

Install the package, reboot you laptop and set your preferences in the control panel.

Ricoh 5 in 1 driver Windows 7


Drivers setup for Ricoh 5 in 1 card reader, works with Windows Vista and 7 (both 32 and 64bit). Tested on Dell Inspiron 640m and HP Pavilion dv9585el with Windows 7 64bit.

File: sp37809.exe
Size: 2.99MB
Version: 3.52.02A 2007-11-10
OS: Windows Vista/7 32/64bit

Works with:


Dopo aver installato Windows 7 64bit sul mio portatile Dell Inspiron 640m, ho avuto qualche difficoltà a reperire il driver del lettore di memorie Ricoh. Un primo driver mi aveva installato parzialmente la periferica, lasciando una “Periferica di base” non installata nella finestra di gestione periferiche.

Oggi navigando nel sever FTP di HP alla ricerca dei driver per un Pavilion dv9585el ho trovato questo file: sp37809.exe (2,99MB). L’autoestraente in questione contiene il driver 3.52.02A rilasciato il 2007-11-10 che ha installato perfettamente il lettore di memorie Ricoh 5 in 1 sia sul portatile HP sia sul mio Dell.

OpenWRT on ALIX with PPPoA ADSL Conexant based USB modem (cxacru)

Awesome post title… anyway,

This is how I built a powerful Wi-Fi ADSL router, using my ALIX2D3 (previously running PFsense), a spare USB ADSL modem (Trust MD-3100) and a CM9 atheros-based miniPCI card.

Continua a leggere OpenWRT on ALIX with PPPoA ADSL Conexant based USB modem (cxacru)

OpenWrt Kamikaze Wi-Fi/Ethernet bridging with parprouted

I’ve got some spare ADM5120 boards with 1 ethernet port and 1 miniPCI slot.

I tried to build an Ethernet/Wi-Fi bridge box, but I were a little disappointed when i found out that the bridge package didn’t work with my Atheros AR5414 based miniPCI Wi-Fi card set in sta (managed) mode. Why? I don’t know!
Both eth0 and wlan0 enters promiscuous mode, but packets aren’t forwarded.

In old Whiterussian release, you just had to put your Wi-Fi interface in wet mode, bridge it with your ethernet interface(s) and everything worked out-of-the-box.
Unluky me… Kamikaze seems to have lost this wonderful option!

So, after an afternoon spent googling, I found parprouted: just what I needed.  The man page states: “parprouted is a daemon for transparent IP (Layer 3) proxy ARP bridging“. Seems complicated, uh?! Anyway, it just fakes ARP replies on both interfaces acting as a proxy for the hosts’ ARP request on both sides of the bridged lan. Just like a hacker’s man in the middle attack.

To install parprouted, you may have to rebuild and reflash your OpenWrt image if your router hasn’t opkg. That’s my case, since my board only has 2MB of flash and I removed it to free up space.
Anyway, I’ll explain both ways (rebuild or opkg), since it’s very simple.

Continua a leggere OpenWrt Kamikaze Wi-Fi/Ethernet bridging with parprouted

OSBRiDGE 5GXi/5XLi OpenWrt HowTo

[Under Construction]

UPDATE 20 June 2009

I’m working with Gabor, the ADM5120 target mantainer of OpenWrt. He’s interested in officially supporting this boards. Our purpose is to dump the original bootloader to build OpenWrt images that doesn’t need bootloader replacement. Stay tuned!
OpenWrt forum discussion is located here:

UPDATE 25 June 2009 12:50

Gabor officially relased the port this morning!
Details here:
And forum thread here:
Original bootloader dump should arrive soon!

UPDATE 25 June 2009 13:00

Original bootloader download:
Courtesy of Gabor 😀

Information found on this page may be partially outdated. I’ll provide a newer version ASAP!

Outer look...
Outer look...

HowTo install OpenWrt Kamikaze 8.09 on OSBRiDGE 5GXi/5XLi wireless CPEs… I’ve been working on this port for months so, please, leave a comment if you find this page useful!
At the moment, works only in NAT mode, no eth0/wlan0 bridging. For this feature, we’ll have to wait for future releases.
If you get poor data rates over your wireless it’s ath5k driver fault, it’s not stable yet, and lot of features arn’t yet implemented. What? Madwifi you say? Oh well, it just don’t fit in our flash while ath5k does! 🙁
And forget dropbear and web interface, there’s no room for them. We’ll use telnet for remote management. (unsecure… I know)

Continua a leggere OSBRiDGE 5GXi/5XLi OpenWrt HowTo